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Understanding Ping and Traceroute

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Understanding Ping and Traceroute

Ping & Traceroute

 

Traceroute is a computer network diagnostic tool for displaying the route and measuring the time intervals at each router that a packet takes across the network.

 

Ping is another diagnostic tool that tests the reachability of a host on a network and measures the round-trip time.

 

Both use Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) requests to obtain this data.

Both of these network Utilities can be found within the U-verse Gateways.

  

2Wire/Pace

 

2Wire.png 

  1. Type http://192.168.1.254 to access the gateway
  2. Select Settings > Diagnostics > IP Utilities

 

NVG/Motorola

 

NVG.png 

  1. Type http://192.168.1.254 to access the gateway
  2. Select Diagnostics

 

Understanding Ping

 

 Ping.png

When running a Ping test, the important things to pay attention to are the packet loss % and the round-trip times. Ideally, you want a 0% packet loss and a low round-trip time.

 

With packet loss, depending on the hose you are accessing, it may be blocking or putting a lower priority on ICMP requests, so a high packet loss does not necessarily mean an issue.

 

What makes a good round-trip time can vary based off your connection medium (wired/wireless) and the site you are accessing. Accessing a site local to you versus one overseas will produce a great difference in times. If you do notice any discrepancies, you will want to run a traceroute.

 

Understanding Traceroute

 

Traceroute.png 

(IPs in this example are not real) 

 

When running a traceroute, the most important thing is to see if the trace completes before exhausting all the hops. If it does start timing out, try running a ping test to see if the site is accessible. If not, then it could just be the host blocking ICMP requests, or there is an issue with the route, and the traceroute report will let you know the last route it was able to reach. In the example above, after hop 8, it starts timing out. You can run a whois search to see who manages that IP and reach out to them to investigate the issue further.

 

You will also see timeouts on hops 2 and 5. Since the packets are making it to the next path with no problems, we can assume that the routers at 2 and 5 are completely blocking ICMP requests.

 

You will also notice a higher latency on hop 6. Usually, high latency is a concern, but in this case, one can assume it is due to ICMP rate limiting, since the timing on the other routes after it are back to normal. If they were high as well, then we can assume that a problem is starting at hop 6. When measuring latency, the best measurement will be the final hop or conducting a ping test.

 

-ATTU-verseCare

AT&T Customer Care

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*I am an AT&T employee, and the postings on this site are my own and don't necessarily represent AT&T's position, strategies or opinions.
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Accepted by topic author Community Support
Accepted by ATTU-verseCare
‎11-06-2015 10:56 AM

Re: Understanding Ping and Traceroute

Ping and Traceroute are useful tools to determine latency and browsing issues. If you do notice issues:

 

  1. Try testing on multiple devices. Preferably with a hard wired connection.
  2. Test with all 3rd party hardware removed.
  3. Disable IPv6.
  4. Change your DNS.

 

If the previous steps have been exhausted and there still appears to be a problem, please send a private message with your account number and contact details to ATTU-verseCare for further assistance. If you are not a member of the U-verse community forums, we welcome you to register and reach out to us.

 

AT&T Customer Care

Need help with an account specific question?  Post a new question here on the forums by clicking the "Ask a Question" button.
For additional support, please visit us at our AT&T services hub.
Follow us on: Twitter @ATTCares and @DIRECTVService

*I am an AT&T employee, and the postings on this site are my own and don't necessarily represent AT&T's position, strategies or opinions.
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