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longhornsk57
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what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
So I ordered HD upgrade. On the DVR settings I figured I'd see what settings there are, so I go the screen settings and the highest one is 1080i...

What's up with that? Am I really getting interlaced frames? Can this DVR not output 1080p?

What am I missing here?

I have to believe you guys are getting 1080p...
Posted from Samsung Galaxy Nexus
texasguy37
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

No channels broadcast in 1080p on any TV provider.  The extent of 1080p programming on any TV provider is DirecTV and Dish Network providing some PPV movies in 1080p.

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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
Oh, I did not know that. I guess it's a bandwidth thing.

Thanks for the info.
Posted from Samsung Galaxy Nexus
texasguy37
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

Well, there are no channels that broadcast in 1080p.

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oz_1
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

If you have a newer set capable of 1080p native thats what you will be looking at with 1080i.

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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
What do u mean? The TV is 1080p but the signal is only 1080i right?
Posted from Samsung Galaxy Nexus
oz_1
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

longhornsk57 wrote:
What do u mean? The TV is 1080p but the signal is only 1080i right?

It will take the 1080i signal and scale it to the native resolution which on most newer panels can be 720p (LCD) ,768p (Plasma) or 1080p (both LCD and Plasma) depending on brand and model.

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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

I don't see how it can take interlaced and turn it into progressive though (I own a 1080p LCD and the DVR says it is outputting 1080i as the highest resolution), AFAIK you cannot take interlaced and "convert" it into progressive without losing a frame every time you do.

oz_1
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
[ Edited ]

http://www.ihdtvreview.com/resolution_faqs.html

 

Think 1080i @ 60 frames per second versus 1080p @ 30 fps there is no loss of info just one nice continuos motion.

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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

Right, but what we are getting is  1080i  @ 30FPS right?  So if it converts it 1080p we'd be getting 15FPS which would not be a nice continuous flow...

 

It seems to me the reason Uverse doesn't stream 1080p @ 30FPS is it would take up too much bandwidth, so why would they stream 1080i @ 60FPS?  Wouldn't that be the same bandwidth?

 

 

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skeeterintexas
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

No one streams 1080p.  Except for Blu-Ray and some On Demand from Dish (or is it Direct?) there is no 1080p. 

 

This is a broadcaster issue and not a carrier issue.

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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

Yeah that was established near the first post.

What came up now was that Oz was saying my 1080p TV could somehow take a 1080i signal and turn it into a 1080p signal, and I was saying that isn't possible unless I lose half of my frames.  And unless Uverse is giving me 60FPS of 1080i (not sure why they'd be doing that) then what he's saying isn't possible, unless I missed something.

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skeeterintexas
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

"...It seems to me the reason Uverse doesn't stream 1080p @ 30FPS is it would take up too much bandwidth..."

 

That's the statement I was responding to but then again, I'm an i diot when it comes to all this technical mumbo-jumbo.

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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

Yeah since I'm super late to the HD game, I figured we were up to the point where service providers could to 1080p now, but it looks like it is still too much bandwidth.  So yeah you're right, only Blu-Ray and game consoles and stuff can do it.  1080i is still TONS better than that SD crap I was watching before though, plus my phone actually outputs 1080p on everything i record like with the video camera or movies/streaming, so that's pretty cool to watch on a big 1080p TV.

oz_1
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
[ Edited ]

No its 1080i at 60 frames which is odd even hence interlaced and 1080p is actually 24fps as is what film is or video which can be 30fps there is no such thing as 1080i 30fps as far as I know which would result in a bad picture IMO. 1080i = 30frames of even and 30 frames of odd where as 1080p has 30 frames of the combined in a single frame.

 

http://www.axis.com/products/video/camera/progressive_scan.htm

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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

Right but what I am saying is that you are not going to get a 1080p quality picture from 1080i, you cannot get a progressive image from 2 interlaced images no matter what TV you have because the raw data isn't there.

oz_1
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

longhornsk57 wrote:

Right but what I am saying is that you are not going to get a 1080p quality picture from 1080i, you cannot get a progressive image from 2 interlaced images no matter what TV you have because the raw data isn't there.


You are right in the affect you are not going to get Blue Ray quality but its do to more varibles than just interlaced vs progressive but your flat panel will show native resolution.

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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

Yeah I hear that, and I optimized my TV yesterday with the visual EQ settings (LCD - 1080p) and was watching some of the HD stuff and it looked really amazing, so yeah I definitely like the quality.

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oufanindallas
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

longhornsk57 wrote:

Yeah since I'm super late to the HD game, I figured we were up to the point where service providers could to 1080p now, but it looks like it is still too much bandwidth.  So yeah you're right, only Blu-Ray and game consoles and stuff can do it.  1080i is still TONS better than that SD crap I was watching before though, plus my phone actually outputs 1080p on everything i record like with the video camera or movies/streaming, so that's pretty cool to watch on a big 1080p TV.



Has nothing to do with bandwidth. Even OTA broadcasts are 1080i.  It's a network issue not a provider issue. Their is a reason on one provider (DirectTV) has any 1080p content and those are strictly on demand movies.

” Auto racing, bull fighting, and mountain climbing are the only real sports … all others are games.”- Ernest Hemingway
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SomeJoe7777
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
Longhorn,

All modern TVs have a video processing chip inside them usually called the scaler/deinterlacer. This chip is responsible for changing any incoming signal format into what the display can actually display natively.

The scaler/deinterlacer is the chip that is responsible for changing the 1080i/60 signal from the broadcaster into a progressive signal that the (LCD Panel, Plasma Panel, etc.) can display.

It converts interlaced video into progressive video by using motion-adaptive interpolation.

A 1080i signal does not have frames. It is a sequence of fields that alternate between the top field (scan lines 1, 3, 5, etc.) and the bottom field (scan lines 2, 4, 6, etc.). There are 60 fields per second in a 1080i signal. Each field is independent in BOTH space and time. That means that the pixels in each field come from a different part of the image captured by the camera (spatially independent) AND each field was actually snapped by the camera at a slightly different time (temporally independent). That is why a 1080i signal cannot be said to have "frames" because you do not get one continuous picture if you combine two adjacent fields together.

Your TV takes the stream of fields and buffers them, and carefully examines each field to identify objects that are moving and objects that aren't. It then applies two different algorithms to the fields to create full frames using the information in the current field, as well as information in the previous and subsequent fields. The result is a 1080p signal at 60 frames per second, each frame consisting of half actual pixel information from the 1080i signal, and half algorithm-created information.

The modern scaler/deinterlacer chips in TVs do this job fairly well, although there are wide variations in quality from different manufacturers.

A 1080p signal that you get from Blu-Ray is not 60 frames per second. It is typically 24 frames per second, which matches the film rate. 24 frames per second looks very "juddery" when played back because there is not nearly as much temporal information as a 1080i signal has. (A 1080i/60 signal has 60 updates per second of temporal information, corresponding to the 60 fields. This is more than 2.5x what a 1080p/24 signal has).

Because a 1080p signal has far less temporal information, the bandwidth requirements for 1080p are actually less than what is required for 1080i. So the issue with providers not doing 1080p is not a bandwidth issue. The reason they typically don't do it is because not every HDTV out there can process a 1080p/24 signal. Early HDTVs (typically rear-projection CRT models) could display 1080i signals only, because they actually still use electron beam scanning, which has always been interlaced in consumer equipment.
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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

Wow.

 

Thanks for that explanation, it totally makes sense and I can see I had some confusions about what exactly interlaced vs progressive was  :smileyhappy:

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skeeterintexas
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

I have no idea what SomeJoe is talking about but, darn, he's smart!  :smileyhappy:

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BeeBeeSA
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

If technology keeps going the way it is, SJ is going to need more RAM and a bigger hard drive.  I read that twice and still can't remember everything he just said.:smileyvery-happy:

"If you find this post helpful and it solved your issue please mark it as a solution.  This will help other forum members locate it and will also let everyone know that it corrected your problem. If they have the same issue they will know how to solve theirs"

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SomeJoe7777
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
[ Edited ]

More RAM and a bigger hard drive makes everything better.  Kinda like bacon. :smileywink: :smileyvery-happy:

 

Wanna make your computer better?  More RAM and a bigger hard drive.

 

Wanna make your turkey sandwich better?  Bacon.

 

 

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longhornsk57
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
Bacon on literally EVERYTHING. :smileyhappy:
Posted from Samsung Galaxy Nexus
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new_dev_iwaanures
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

Seriously, what method is  used to encode/compress each stream? I am actually under the impression that the 1080i hd setting is nothing more than "upconverted" 720p happening at the stb. That is if the method of encode/compress actually even results in true 720p exiting your stb.

SomeJoe7777
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
Each stream's resolution is encoded and compressed at the native resolution that the broadcaster provides. Many broadcasters natively provide 1080i signals (NBC, CBS, Discovery, HBO, several others). Some broadcasters provide native 720p signals (ABC, FOX, Disney, ESPN, a few others).

AT&T uses H.264 (AVC) to compress/encode their video streams. This is the same encoding used on most Blu-Ray discs, but AT&T uses far lower bitrates. The native bitrate that AT&T is using for HD streams is approximately 5.7 Mbps.

The STB will output whatever resolution is selected in the Menu -> Options -> System Options -> Aspect Ratio screen, regardless of the native resolution of the stream. For example, if you have selected 1080i output, the STB will output 1080i for all channels: incoming streams that are 1080i will be sent natively to the TV, and incoming streams that are 720p will be converted to 1080i, then sent to the TV.

The opposite happens if you've selected 720p output. 720p streams will be sent natively to the TV, 1080i streams will be converted to 720p and then sent to the TV.

Some providers, notably DirecTV, have a selector in their STBs called "Native Mode", where the STB will send the stream to the TV in the native resolution, no matter what it is, and your TV can then handle it. This selection is unfortunately not available on U-Verse.
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oz_1
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

I wish Uverse had Native Mode maybe a hope for future STB's.

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morphinapg
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?

The reason for 1080p output is not to receive 1080p channels, it's so that BOTH 1080i and 720p content get scaled properly. If you have 1080i output, then you're losing resolution on 720p channels, and if you use 720p output, then you lose resolution on 1080i channels. With 1080p output, you don't ever lose resolution. 

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baseballisback
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Re: what's up with 1080i setting but no 1080p?
But since satellite offers 1080p movies, couldn't U-Verse offer them as well?
Posted from Motorola xt875